Ocean Shipping, Ship Owning, Bulk Transportation
Ports
A GENERAL VIEW OF TURKISH PORTS

 

 

Turkey has several ports and berthing facilities; The ports are classified into three groups: governmental, municipal and private ports.

The first group, general-purpose governmental ports, are operated by State Economic Enterprises. The Turkish
State Railways (TCDD) ports, all of which are connected with the railway network. The Turkish Maritime Organization (TDI) ports. These two State Economic Enterprises are under the control of the Ministry of Transport, but they are activating as independent enterprises. In the headquarters of both organizations, there is a separate Department of Ports, which is responsible for planning and their coordination. Each individual port is managed by a Port Manager appointed by the related State Enterprise. These ports are "full-service" ports. All the services to ship and cargo are given by the port own labor and equipment. Main services given by the ports.

The second group are municipal ports which are managed by the Municipalities. These ports are comparatively
small and are general limited to a small volume of coastal traffic serving the local needs of provincial towns.

The third group is made up of special private ports. These ports are mostly confined in purpose to the particular
needs of industrial plant but allowed to use by third parties too.

GENERAL INFORMATION

Heath and medical: If urgent medical assistance required, Master must contact Agent as soon as possible. . (Doctors, pharmacies and hospitals available each port)

Sanitary and Port inspections: Vessels calling Turkish ports have to obtain free pratique than custom clearance to commence any operation. Nobody may join to leave the ship before this inspection is completed. Vessels may be cleared at anchorage or alongside, and sometimes at the straits of Dardanells and Bosphours. Upon arrival of the vessel, the organizes the clearance party which consist of:
                                                                                   1 sanitary officer
                                                                                   1 or more immigration police
                                                                                   1 or more custom officer

Master has to submit the following documents to the clearance party:

- 8
Copies of crew list (and passenger list) With seaman books (passports) (1 copy for sanitary, 2 copies for police, 2 copies for customs also required on departure)
- 2
copies of provisions, stores and bunkers list (for custom) also required on departure (Excepting the case of tourist vessels, the custom officers will seal store of tobacco, spirits as well as any other itemsin bond. Sufficient    quantities of the foregoing will be left unsealed for the needs of the ship during the stay in port.The seals must  not be broken before ship's exit from territorial waters or if sailing from one Turkish port to another Turkish port. Custom allowances ten packets of cigarettes and one bottle spirit per crew member      per week.)
-  
In addition to fill above, manifest covering all cargoes (also transit cargo) onboard are declared to the custom.
-  
Master has to fill in and sign a declaration form for the sanitary officer. In this declaration, the master is asked     to provide information on sanitary/health matters on board the vessel

Lastly, the following ship-certificates to be present to the harbor Master for inspection, to obtain outward clearance:
- Tonnage Certificate
- Safety Equipment Certificate
- Safety Construction Certificate
- Safety Radio Certificate
- International Load Line
- International Oil Pollution Prevention Certificate
- Class Certificate
- Minimum Safe Manning Certificate
- Deratting Exemption Document
- International Medical Certificate
- Ship's registry Certificate
- Chemical Fitness Certificate (only tanker)
- International Safety Management Certificate

Departure: Vessels are allowed 3 hours alongside after completion of cargo before penalty charges are imposed (only TCDD & TDI ports). (This will be extended if the pilots will not take the vessel out in darkness.)
Master have to obtain the following documents through the agent before departure;
- Harbor master clearance (all ships certificates)
- Sanitary clearance (free pratique card)
- Custom clearances (Custom & Custom enforcement)
- Immigration clearance (all seaman book or passports and shore pass)

ETA: Vessels must cable their ETA's at least 96 and 48 hours in advance 24 hours before arrival, stating vessel's
name, GRT/NRT, port of register, kind and quantity of cargo, drafts and last port of call.

Turkish Flag: All foreign ships are required to fly Turkish flag during their stay in Turkish ports or anchorages and
also when passing through the Turkish straits (Dardanelles and Bosphours)

Time: GMT plus 2 hours. GMT 3 hours in Summer Time

Pilotage & Towage: Compulsory for berthing and unberthing a Turkish port or anchorage. When within 10- 15 miles, Approximately 3 hours prior to arrival, vessels can communicate with "Pilot Station" on VHF channels 16 or their self channels, manned 24 hours.

Pilot Ladder: will be prepared on vessel's starboard side. If your vessel's freeboard exceeds more than 5 meters, please prepare a combination ladder.

Readiness: Notice of Readiness will be received by loading master or receivers of cargoes. It should be tendered at the time of pilot boarding, anchoring or arrival points.

Port State Control: The under secretariat of maritime affairs port State Control officers are entitled to effect sudden unusual inspections on vessels in Turkish ports, in accordance with the "Mediterranean Memorandum of Understanding on Port State control".

Fire precautions: Ship's watchmen to be on duty. All operations involving open fires and sparks are prohibited. Fire on board the ship has to stop loading or discharging and contact the nearest fire station and harbor master on VHF channel 16 and dial number 110 in every region in Turkey.

Marine Pollution Prevention Regulations: inform the following rules and prohibited actions taken by the Turkish Ministry of Environment (rules numbered 2872), which vessels have to keep the rules while calling the all Turkish ports. Turkish Port and Environment Authorities have begun to take stricter measures against occurrences of pollution caused by vessels passing Turkish straits or calling any ports of Turkey. Regardless of whether pollution is actually caused by any particular vessel, the slightest indication of pollution witnessed by other vessels is immediately reported to the these authorities at twenty-four hours;(MARPOL 73/78, Annex-I)
1-Traffic control center or Pilot stations on VHF channels 16 , 11, 12 , 13 in every region in Turkey
2- Harbor master on VHF channels 16 in every region in Turkey
3-Coast Guard Command on VHF channels 16, 08 and dial number 158 in every region in Turkey,
4-Your local agency on VHF channel 16 and emergency phones.
If pollution is found to have been caused due to technical problems of the vessel, a fine of USD 35,000 (minimum) is charged. If pollution is found to have been caused by reason of negligence on the part of the vessel, or if ballast/dirty water/slops/garbage/etc are discharged, this violation is charged from USD 40,000 to USD 160,000.
Master has the responsibility to give all the necessary information, knowledge and instruction to Crew Members and monitoring the accomplish.

Garbage and Oil Record Book: must keep a regular and obtain the signature and seal of the receiving contractor each time of disposal, painting, chipping and washing the storage tanks and holds of vessel are under the responsibility of ship owner,

Garbage Removal: Garbage expenses are charged all vessels calling at Turkish ports under the management of
the Turkish port authorities.

Ballast Water: There are no regulation concerning Ballast water Management, however, some of the terminals are equipped to accept ballast water. All vessels must not discharge ballast water within port limits or territorial waters.

Waste oil Disposal: Available from terminals are equipped. (Pollution of sea water is very severely fined)

Fumigation:
Fumigation activities on board vessels are prohibited unless a permit has been issued by the Harbour Master.

Repairs: Ship's repair shops available at major ports. Minor repair possible under the port authorities' control.

Supplies: Fuel Oil, Diesel Oil, Gas Oil, Fresh Water and Provision are available either ex. Truck or barge

Watchman: Employment of watchman from shore is not compulsory.

Tally Clerk:
The employment of tally clerks is not compulsory but recommended

Opening/Closing Hatches:
This work can be carried out by crew. If carried out by stevedores the cost is charged to vessel.

Shore Leave: Possible after completing custom & immigration formalities, Crew permitted ashore with shore passes and Seaman's book and all shore passes have to return to Immigration before departure. Please kept the ports master information. (Some terminals is forbidden to walk on jetty and in terminals area. A vehicle is obtained by Terminal for the needs of the crew and vehicle goes only to gates.)

Repatriation: All facilities available for crew changes and arranging necessary repatriation.

Police/Ambulance/Fire: Emergency telephone numbers are Police 155 , Ambulance 112, Fire 110 in every region in Turkey.

Radio: Call Turk Radio,(ship-to-shore communication is by VHF-DSC channels 16, 70 near of Turkey) on MF & Hf band. Forecasts and other meteorological events are broadcast in Turkish on VHF channels 16 and 67 and updated every three hours. (You can receive the broadcast in English on VHF if you required)

Navtex stations and Broadcast frequency and time;
ISTANBUL (D)         518 kHz   0030 - 0430 - 0830 UTC
SAMSUN.. (E)         518 kHz   0040 - 0440 - 0840 UTC
ANTALYA. (F)         518 kHz   0050 - 0450 - 0850 UTC
IZMIR....   (I)         518 kHz   0120 - 0520 - 0920 UTC    

Consuls: Majority of foreign countries have consuls.

General Holidays:
January
1
New year’s Day
April
23
Commemoration of Ataturk & Children’ Holiday
May
19
Youth and Sports Holiday
August
30
Victory Day
October
28
Eve of Republic Day
October
29
Republic Day
And Courban Bayram and Sheker Bayram (3,5-4 days movable)

Working hours 08. 00 - 12. 00 , 13.00 - 17.00 (Saturday and Sunday are holiday) official time in Turkey
For ports to be carried out during weekend and/or holidays, application to the authorities to be made latest
17. 00 proceeding working day (overtime possible except for banks).

Communication: The national Turkish railway lines have a total length of 8, 133 km. The road system includes
73,000 km of motorway and fairly good roads and is under modernization and development to meet the rapidly
increasing truck transit traffic between Europe an the Middle East. There are international airports.

Currency: The monetary unit is the Turkish Lira.

Climate: The country is so large that, one can not speak about a general overall climate. Therefore, Turkey's
climate varies dramaticall from region to region. Western and Black Sea Coastal areas enjoy generally mild
winters with little snow and warm summers. The Black Sea coast is rainy all through the year. The southern coast
is typically Mediterranean, hot and sometimes humid summers with mild winters. The climate in the Central
Anatolia and in the east is continental with low rainfall. Winters are harsh with heavy snowfall and the
temperatures falling to as low as minus 30 ° C in the east.

Language: Turkish is official language and is written in the Roman script. Many Turks engaged in business also
speak English, French and German.

Weight and Measures: The metric system is in use.

Classification Societies:

American Bureau of Shipping
:
+90 (212) 245 01 60 - 61
fax
:
+90 (212) 249 74 56
Bureu Veritas
:
+90 (216) 361 96 96
fax
:
+90 (216) 361 97 87
DNV Det Norske Veritas
:
+90 (212) 258 24 84 - 86
fax
:
+90 (212) 258 24 87
Llod's Register
:
+90 (216) 492 21 83
fax
:
+90 (216) 492 21 82
Nippon Kaiji Kyokai
:
+90 (216) 474 09 94
fax
:
+90 (216) 474 09 97
RINA Registro Italiano Navale
:
+90 (216) 416 72 28
fax
:
+90 (216) 416 27 25
Russian Llyod
:
+90 (212) 227 73 91
fax
:
+90 (216) 227 83 09
Turkisk Llyod
:
+90 (216) 446 22 40
fax
:
+90 (216) 395 49 95

Please see the ports’ details as follows regions ;

Black Sea Region:
PORT OF HOPA
PORT OF RIZE
PORT OF TRABZON
PORT OF GIRESUN
PORT OF ORDU
PORT OF SAMSUN (TCDD)
TUGSAS PIER - SAMSUN
PORT OF BARTIN
ZONGULDAK TTK PORT
PORT OF ERDEMIR K.EREGLI (UZUNKUM)

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Turkish Straits & Istanbul Region:
BOSPHORUS (ISTANBUL) STRAIT
DARDANELLES (CANAKKALE) STRAIT
ANCHORAGE AREAS
POAS PIER ÇUBUKLU (BOSPHORUS)
PORT OF ZEYTINBURNU (ZEYPORT)
CEKISAN (MOBIL-SHEL-BP) TERMINALS - H.DERE
TOTAL TERMINAL - HARAMIDERE
PORTS OF AMBARLI
PORT OF HAYDARPASA (TCDD)
SHIPYARDS IN TUZLA BAY

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Marmara Region:

GULF OF IZMIT
LAFARGE ASLAN CEMENT PIER - DARICA
POLIPORT (POLISAN) - DILOVASI
COLAKOGLU METALURJI - DILOVASI
PORT OF SEDEF - DILOVASI
PORT OF ALEMDAR - DILOVASI
ALTINTEL PIER - DILOVASI
SOLVENTAS TERMINAL - DILOVASI
KIZILKAYA PIER - DILOVASI
TOTAL TERMINAL - GEBZE
PORT OF DILER - HEREKE
NUH CEMENT PIER - HEREKE
YARIMCA FERTILIZER PIER (GUBRETAS)
YARIMCA MOLLASSES TERMINAL (ZUKFIKARLAR)
YARIMCA MARMARA SHIPYARD (KIRLANGIC)
YARIMCA ROTA & MUNICIPALITY PIERS
PETKIM TERMINAL - YARIMCA
AYGAZ (LPG) TERMINAL - YARIMCA
IGSAS FERTILIZER COMPLEX - IZMIT
TUPRAS REFINERY TUTUNCIFTLIK - IZMIT
CAMAR INSTALLATION PIER - IZMIT

PORT OF DERINCE  (TCDD)
PETROL OFISI - SHELL PIER - DERINCE
AKTAS CHEMICAL PLANTS - IZMIT
LIMAS PURSAN PIER  - IZMIT
ELYAF FACTORY PIER - YALOVA
AKSA (AKKIM) KIMYA - YALOVA
GEMLIK MUNICIPALITY PIER
GEMPORT - GEMLIK
BORTRANS PIER (BORUSAN) - GEMLIK
TUGSAS (AZOT FACTORY) - GEMLIK
MKS DOLPHIN - GEMLIK
BP PIER - GEMLIK
MUDANYA MUNICIPALITY PIER
PORT OF BANDIRMA  (TCDD)
BAGFAS PIERS - BANDIRMA
EDINCIK PIER (ETIBANK) - BANDIRMA
PORT OF MARTAS - MARMARAEREGLISI
BOTAS TERMINAL - MARMARA EREGLISI
PORT OF TEKIRDAG
CANAKKALE TDI  PIERS
AKCANSA CEMENT - CANAKKALE


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Aegean Region:
NEMRUT & ALIAGA  BAY
TUPRAS REFINERY - ALIAGA
TOTAL TERMINAL - ALIAGA
PETKIM TERMINAL - ALIAGA
EGE FERTILIZER PIER - NEMRUT BAY
NEMTAS PIER - NEMRUT BAY
LIMAS PIER - NEMRUT BAY
CUKUROVA PIER - NEMRUT BAY
HABAS PIER - NEMRUT BAY
PORT OF IZMIR (TCDD)
PORT OF DIKILI - IZMIR
PORT OF GULLUK - BODRUM BAY
GOCEK SEKA PIER - FETHIYE BAY

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Mediterranean Region:
PORT OF ANTALYA
PORT OF MERSIN (TCDD) & ATAS REFINERY
TASUCU MUNICIPALITY PIER
MERSIN SEKA PAPER PIER
ISKENDERUN BAY
BOTAS OIL TERMINAL - CEYHAN
TOROS GUBRE TERMINAL - CEYHAN
DELTA TERMINAL - CEYHAN
PORT OF ISDEMIR -ISKENDERUN
EKINCILER PIER - ISKENDERUN
SARISEKI FERTLIZER PIER -ISKENDERUN
PORT OF ISKENDERUN (TCDD)

 

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